Tuesday, 29 July 2014

HOW TO AVOID ACCIDENTS AROUND THE HOME




A lot of preventable accidents can happen around the home. It is up to home owners to make sure that their homes remain accident-free all year round and this may just be accomplished by paying attention to detail.

Some accidents that may happen at home include home fires, poisoning, cutting, burns or suffocation to name but a few.

To prevent some home accidents follow the tips below:

LABEL EVERYTHING CORRECTLY
Labeling every product in the home is important to avoid mistakes. Labeling powder as it is and flour as it is may prevent a mix up in the future. In either case, it is important to keep things where they belong. For instance, substances that don’t belong in the kitchen should not be put there regardless of whether you live alone or with others.

KEEP POISONS OUT OF REACH
Poisonous substances though some may prove useful for particular household tasks should be kept out of reach under lock and key, if necessary. This is to prevent ingestion or even burning of the skin with corrosive chemicals.
When handling these chemicals, it is important to wear gloves to prevent contact with the skin. Once finished, discard the gloves and the poisonous bottle immediately and safely to avoid contamination.

TURN IT OFF
Turn off the stove after use, turn off the iron, turn off the microwave, turn off the oven and blow off the candle after use. It is important not to play with fire especially indoors.
If somehow you are having a braai inside, make sure there is enough air ventilation to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning but its best to avoid fire indoors.

AVOID DISTRACTIONS
It is important to do something and finish it before allowing yourself to be distracted in order to avoid accidents. For example, if frying something and then perhaps you receive an urgent call, turn off the fire. If enjoying a candle-lit dinner make sure to blow off the candles before proceeding to other activities.

SERVICE YOUR FIRE ALARM
Have your fire alarm serviced regularly and make sure your water system is working correctly. Educate yourself and your household on how to put off fire correctly.

KNOW THE HABITS
It is important to observe personal habits and the habits of those you live with. This will not only help prevent any accidents in future but also help in making informed decisions about where you live. Consider yourself and or the people you live with and choose a home space that accommodates your personal habits.

AVOID CLUTTER
Having an orderly living space reduces accidents by far. Make your home spacious and easy to navigate. Remove obstacles from paths, slippery mats should not be used and find ways to make your slippery floors more manageable.

Have you had an accident at home? What happened or what did you do to prevent it? Let us know. Comment below.

Sunday, 20 July 2014

CONTROLLING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS


This post was written by volunteer blogger from Nigeria, Emepuru Albert Somkelechukwu  
A WRITER, YOUTH ACTIVIST, AND AN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS ANALYST.


According to Black Law Dictionary, domestic violence is a behavior used by one person in a relationship to control the other. It includes violence between members of a household or other violent act committed by one member of a household against another. For example, battering a child, a woman, child abuse, elder abuse.

The free encyclopedia says that domestic violence occurs when a family member,partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominates another. It goes further to define domestic violence as violence between spouses or spousal abuse but can also include cohabitants and non-married partners. Domestic violence occurs in all cultures, people of all races, ethnicities, religious, sex and classes can be perpetrators of domestic violence.


CAUSE OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS.
There are plenty cause of domestic violence against women and girls but few are to mentioned and examined here.

Some behaviors, attitudes and practices in the society present men as more important than women. In many communities in Nigeria for example, women are seen as people whose role in the society should be to obey orders without complaining. Such behavior, attitude and practices only encourage violence against women.

There are traditional customs and beliefs which treat women as weaker than men. For example, in some Nigerian communities,women are not expected to prticipate in decision making and they are not expected to challenge even wrong decisions by some men. When the women eventually challenge such decisions, it leads to violence against them.

Women make up a higher part of those who are the poorest and the most unprotected group of persons. For this reasons they  are prone to domestic violence.

Existing laws which are meant to protect women and girls (and everybody) from all kinds of violence are not strictly enforced in the society. The result is that people commit all kinds of violence against women and they do not get punished for it. When this happens, other people are encouraged to also commit violence against women and girls.


HOW TO CONTROL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS
Women and girls who are the symbols of the mothers of our nations must be protected from violence. Violence against women can be controlled by individual women and girl, women groups,girls' groups and the government.


WHAT INDIVIDUAL WOMEN AND GIRLS SHOULD DO
Individual women and girls should exhibit orderly behavior at any point in time. They should be conscious of their interaction with members of the public, and report any act of violence against women to appropriate quarters.


WHAT WOMEN AND GIRLS' GROUPS SHOULD DO

Women groups such as National Council for Women Societies (NCWS), Christian Women Organization (CWO), National Association of Women Journalist (NAWOJ),Federation of International Women Lawyers (FIDA), and various other women groups should embark on sensitizing our women and girls on their rights. They should protect women and girls from all kinds of violence against them by carrying out awareness campaign activities for everybody about violence against women and its danger to the society. These groups should identify women and girls victims of violence and encourage them to speak out and seek redress. Women groups can also help in providing free legal aids and services for women who are victims of violence.


WHAT GOVERNMENT AT ALL LEVELS SHOULD DO
Domestic violence should not be viewed as a private family matter that needs not involve government or criminal justice intervention. There should be response to domestic violence by the law enforcement agencies, social service agencies and the courts. State and Local Governments should build more rehabilitation centres for women girls and children who are victims of unfortunate circumstance, such as that of violence against women. The Federal Ministries of Women Affairs and Social Developments should embark on research on the incidence of violence against women. Government should enact more laws which will adequately help in controlling violence against women and girls, and make sure that legal punishments pronunced for all kinds of violence committed against women is carried out.


THE POSITION OF THE LAW ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
There are statutes, several international declarations and conventions that work to exclude violence against women and girls in all spheres.

ARTICLE 1  of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 provides that. "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reasons and conscience and should act towards one another in the spirit of brotherhood". The essence of the provision is the equality in dignity and right of human beings. It did not draw any distinction between men and women as to right to life, liberty and security of persons. The United Nations General Assembly in 1993, adopted the declaration of elimination of violence against women. According to the Declaration: "Any act of gender based violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty whether occuring in public or private life is an infringement on women's Fundamental Human Rights."

The 1986 United Kingdom's convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women imposed duties on state parties under Article 2 and states as follows:

That States should embody the principle of equality of men and women in their national constitution, adoption of appropriate legislative and other measures, including sanctions where appropriate, prohibiting all discriminations against women, refraining from engaging in any act or practice of discrimination against women and to ensure that public authorities and institutions shall act in conformity with this obligation; taking all appropriate measures, including legislation, to modify or abolish existing laws, regulations, customs and practices which constitute discrimination against women, repealing all national penal provisions which constitute discrimination against women, it therefore urges the states to refrain from engaging in violence against women and to exercise due dilligence.

The constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 as amended makes ample provision for the protection of women and girls and in fact everybody from violence. The provisions are general provisions that include women. Chapter four(4) of the constitution provides for fundamental rights. Section 34 (1) provides that "Every individual is entittled to respect for the dignity of his person and accordingly": no person shall be subject to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment, no person shall be held in slavery or servitude, and no person shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.

All these provisions exclude violence against women and perpetrators of these violence are not left unpunished.


RECOMMENDATIONS
There should be a clear statement of abolition of harmful traditional practices to protect the rights and equality status of women. Harmful traditional practices include Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), Wife Inheritance, Widowhood Rites, Bride Price and Early/Forced Marriage. These practices are of no benefit to anyone nor do they have any social value. They are rather harmful and dehumanizing to women. The constitution must entrench the abolition of such traditional practices. Government at all levels should enact more laws for controlling violence against women and also setting up special courts to try cases of violence against women. Female members of the State Houses of Assembly, Federal House of Representatives and the Senate to live up to expectation by fighting this ugly war against humanity, against women and girls in particular. This can be done by sponsoring bills in the Legislative arms of the Governments, so that we can use the instrumentality of the law particularly in democratic dispensation to track down perpetrators of violence against women.


REFERENCE:
Iwuji J.U  :   State CID, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.   "Domestic Violence And The Law"


Monday, 14 July 2014

HOW TO AVOID DISEASE WHEN TRAVELLING




Being on a journey can be most exciting.  The worst thing that can happen is getting sick far away from home – it makes you feel just so helpless. But no matter, by reading this post you may just save yourself some expensive medical bill or failing to get to the hospital because no one understands what you are saying if travelling to a foreign language speaking land or even getting ripped off while you are sick, nightmare!
The following tips may prove useful, if followed of course.

DO YOUR RESEARCH
What location are you travelling to and is it prone to particular disease. These are some things you have to know if you are to prepare on preventive measures.  In any case research how to get to a hospital or emergency beforehand. It may prove useful on your journey.

CARRY YOUR MEDICINE
It is possible to be ill and only develop the symptoms while airborne or maybe your body may be reacting to the sudden change in climate, in any case carry some useful medicine or painkillers that can boost your immune system should need arise. Do not drink the medicine should there be no need to but always seek the advice of a professional doctor instead of administering self-help. Also be wary of administering your medicine to other people without the consent of a health professional – you may just make it worse.

GET TRAVELERS INSURANCE
Some travellers insurance may seem costly or even burdensome but medical attention away from home can prove even more burdensome and that’s made worse because you’re not in your best shape either. Insurance gives you the confidence that someone has your back should you fall ill. However, health insurance is not a free pass to recklessness that can lead to disease.

AVOID ALLERGENS 
Are you allergic or have some health related problems such as diabetes, asthma or anemia. Then it is important to keep in mind your health condition when travelling. Carry your anti-allergens and medicines near you all the time. If travelling with someone or in a group, let them know about your condition so that they may know what to do if you suffer a health attack.

KEEP CLEAN HANDS
Practicing hygiene is very important in day to day life activities but it is very crucial when in a foreign land that your body isn’t used to. Wash your hands with soap and carrying a hand sanitizer is very useful but apply it in a manner that won’t prove offensive errm, in private that is, you don’t want to appear snobbish.

STAY IN SANITARY ENVIRONMENT
The room and bed you will be sleeping in should be clean and comfortable. A hard bed after a long trip can give a headache. Use a clean bathroom and wear flip flops when bathing if you are not sure about the sanitation. Use your own soap and bath clothe as well. Avoid dirty toilets and clean properly after you use one. Avoid sharing towels.

AVOID OVERZEALOUS FOOD TASTING
Be confident about the food you are eating and the way it was prepared. If you are not sure about a certain food, best not to eat it. If trying out new foods, do it one specialty at a time. Do not try many different foods at the same time because should you get sick, you would not know what caused the symptoms.

DRINK PLENTY WATER
It is important to drink plenty of water even before the trip. Even though this may lead to multiple toilet visits, it will help cleanse your body immune system and replenish you. Tired of drinking the water, opt for fresh fruits and make certain they are well cleaned before you eat them.

REST
Giving your body a chance to recuperate is very important in fighting disease. Resting before the trip, during the trip and when tired will lower the chances of your body getting ill just to force you to rest.

LEARN BASIC FIRST AID
Being equipped with basic first aid knowledge can give you the confidence and knowledge needed to prevent a situation from getting worse. Get basic tips online or go for a First Aid to be mentally equipped on how to administer First Aid should the need arise.

Hope these tips helped you. Tell us about your experience with health when abroad, did you fall sick or someone you know had a health scare. What did you do? Let us know.